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BREAKING:Excess Crude Account falls by 89% to $472,513

Over the past eight years, Nigeria’s excess crude account has decreased by 89%, going from $4.1 billion in November 2014 to $472,513 in the same time period in 2022.
As indicated by a proclamation by the Service of Money, Financial plan and Public Preparation, which was seen by The PUNCH on Wednesday, the ECA’s equilibrium as at November 23, 2022, remained at $472,513.64.
According to Investopedia, an investment and business dictionary, the ECA is the Federal Government’s fiscal account that was established to save revenues from oil sales that were greater than the budgetary benchmark price.
Economists say that the country’s revenue crunch, oil market volatility, and a lack of inflows have all contributed to the account’s depletion over the past eight years.
Jonathan Aremu, a professor of economics at Covenant University in Ogun State, stated, “It is a simple fact that when you spend money from an account and you are not adding to it, it will deplete.”
“The oil price must rise above the budgeted price for you to increase the ECA.”Nothing enters the room if it does not.Additionally, it depletes if the amount spent exceeds the amount deposited.”This is the circumstance,” he continued.
At 4 p.m. on Wednesday, Brent crude sold for $88.45 per barrel.However, at the same time, WTI crude was $81.13 per barrel.Oil benchmark in the 2022 financial plan was $57, yet the ongoing oil costs are still about $30 over the benchmark.In any case, the ECA has been on the decrease notwithstanding higher oil costs since mid 2022 driven by Russia-Ukraine war.
According to Tajudeen Ibrahim, Director of Research and Strategy at Chapel Hill Denham, “the reality is that the government has been struggling with revenues, particularly during Buhari’s second tenure.”
He stated, “They always dip their hands into ECA to support the federal, state, and local governments.”
He explained that governors had previously requested the distribution of ECA, which was inconsistent with its 2011 establishment purpose.
Ibrahim went on to say, “This is pointing to the fact that it is not backed by the law and that the government is broke.” He emphasized that the only way out was to focus less on oil revenues and more on non-oil revenues.
At its meeting, the Federation Account Allocation Committee, or FAAC, distributed N736.782 billion to the three levels of government for the month of October 2022.
From this stated amount, which includes gross statutory revenue, value added tax, exchange gain, and augmentation from non-oil revenue, the Federal Government received N293.955 billion, while the 36 states received N239.512 billion, according to the Ministry of Finance, Budget, and National Planning’s statement.
For a 13% derivation, the oil-producing states received N26.228 billion, while local government councils received N177.086 billion.
The FAAC’s communiqué at the meeting’s conclusion stated that the gross revenue available from VAT for October 2022 was N213.283 billion, an increase from the previous month.
States received N106.642 billion, local government councils received N74.649 billion, and the Federal Government received N31.992 billion.
However, the distributed gross statutory revenue, N417.724 billion, was less than the previous month’s allocation of N206.576 billion to the Federal Government;says, N104.778 billion;governmental bodies, N80.779 billion;and states that produce oil, N25.591 billion
Additionally, an additional N70 billion was distributed to the three levels of government.N36.876 billion were received by the Federal Government;The states received N18.704 billion;while N14.420 billion was granted to local government councils.
Additionally, an additional N30 billion in non-oil revenue was distributed.N15.804 billion were given to the Federal Government;states received N8.016bn;while N6.180 billion was provided to local government councils.
The three levels of government split N5.775 billion in exchange gain, according to the communiqué.States received N1.373 billion, local government councils received N1.058 billion, and the Federal Government received N2.707 billion.However, states that produce oil received N637 million.
In addition, import duty, petroleum profit tax, and oil and gas royalties saw significant declines, while VAT and companies’ income taxes saw significant increases.However, the excise tax saw a slight increase.
The communiqué states that N417.724 billion in statutory revenue was used to generate the total revenue that could be distributed for the month of October;N213.283bn in VAT;N5.775 billion in exchange gain;and an additional N100 billion from non-oil revenue to increase the monthly distributable to N736.782 billion.

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